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The Governor is required to submit a budget proposal by January 15th in odd numbered years. However, as this year, a newly elected governor may have until February 1st. This document comes as a budget recommendation in the form of bills introduced by the Speaker of the Legislature at the request of the governor.
Most of these bills are referred to the Appropriations Committee. However, substantive bills, such as tax cuts, go to the standing committee having jurisdiction over that subject. Such bills are not subject to the January 15th deadline. Any senator may introduce a bill that will cost the state money to implement. While they are heard in different committees, the fiscal staff attaches a note, which is an estimate of the financial impact of the legislation if the bills passes. These numbers must also be considered when crafting a state budget.
After reviewing the staff analysis of each agency budget request, the committee develops a preliminary recommendation to be submitted to the legislature 20 to 30 days after the governor’s budget submission. The preliminary report becomes the basis for discussion during public hearings with state agencies and other interested parties.