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The Governor is required to submit a budget proposal by January 15th in odd numbered years. However, as this year, a newly elected governor may have until February 1st. This document comes as a budget recommendation in the form of bills introduced by the Speaker of the Legislature at the request of the governor.
Most of these bills are referred to the Appropriations Committee. However, substantive bills, such as tax cuts, go to the standing committee having jurisdiction over that subject. Such bills are not subject to the January 15th deadline. Any senator may introduce a bill that will cost the state money to implement. While they are heard in different committees, the fiscal staff attaches a note, which is an estimate of the financial impact of the legislation if the bills passes. These numbers must also be considered when crafting a state budget.
After reviewing the staff analysis of each agency budget request, the committee develops a preliminary recommendation to be submitted to the legislature 20 to 30 days after the governor’s budget submission. The preliminary report becomes the basis for discussion during public hearings with state agencies and other interested parties.
After bills are introduced, the committees schedule public hearings on each bill. The schedule is required to be published seven days before the hearing. I introduced my first bill last week in front of the Judiciary Committee. I have testified on behalf of other bills as a private citizen and podiatrist, but it was exciting to be the introducer of a bill. LB 209, to mandate mediation between public subdivisions before resorting to litigation, was brought on behalf of the City of Omaha. The bill remains in committee.
The budget process is governed and guided by provisions of the Nebraska Constitution, state statutes, and legislative rules. A full biennial (two year) budget is required to be enacted during regular legislative sessions held in odd-numbered years, which is the long, 90-day session.
The Appropriation Committee, which I serve on, spends January and February learning about the financial needs of each state agency. This is done with the help of the Legislative Fiscal Office. Fourteen veteran staff analysts and support staff have been briefing us on the state agencies, boards, and commissions in preparation for their budget requests. Some of the individual agency documents are over 200 pages. The analysts must isolate the key issues in the requests, analyze alternatives, and summarize the material.
Next week I will continue to tell you about the state budget process.
January 22, 2015
All bills must be introduced during the first 10 days of the legislative session. A total of 655 bills were introduced this year. I introduced five bills to begin my first term of office.
LB 209 will have a hearing in front of the Judiciary Committee on Friday, January 23rd. This bill creates the Political Subdivision Mandatory Mediation Act. The purpose of the bill is to require all state political subdivisions to submit to mediation before pursuing litigation. This will save time and taxpayer money.
LB 373, to Change School Bus Safety Standards, is a bill that has been introduced several times. It requires new school buses to be equipped with lap-shoulder belts for each passenger. The passengers would be required to use the belts.
LB 452 provides for advertising requirements under the Uniform Credentialing Act. This bill seeks to make sure those reading advertisements for health care can depend on the training and authorization of those producing the ads.
LB 453 changes how motor vehicle taxes are computed in a private transaction. Current law requires both the buyer and seller to pay the tax for the month of the sale. This bill makes the buyer only responsible for the tax imposed for the month of the sale.
LB 532 provides for an appropriation of funds for construction of the Global Center for Advanced Interprofessional Learning at the University of Nebraska Medical Center.
All bills will be referenced to the appropriate committee for a public hearing. Hearings are announced at least seven days in advance. The committee then decides whether or not to advance bills to the entire body for debate. I will keep you informed of the progress of these bills as the session continues.
January 13, 2015
Welcome to my official Senator’s Page. I am pleased to represent the 4th District and look forward to visiting with you via this newsletter.
On this seventh day of the 90-day session we are spending mornings on the legislative floor while introducing bills. The afternoons are not yet hearing days but we are all busy with meetings to acquaint us with various issues.
I have been appointed to the Appropriations Committee and yesterday was chosen to be vice-chair. I will not have a second or third committee assignment as Appropriations meets five days per week. This important committee crafts a budget to present to the entire body, which we are constitutionally required to do.
Please contact me at my Capitol office via several means. You may write to Senator Robert Hilkemann, District 4, PO Box 94604, Lincoln, NE 68509-4604; you may call me at 402-471-2621; or email at firstname.lastname@example.org
My two staff members are experienced women who have worked for several senators. Kate Wolfe is my administrative assistant. She will be first to answer the phone or greet you in person. Nanette Hessee is my legislative aide. She works with legislation and other state matters. They are both available to assist you.
My next post will tell you about bills I am introducing this session.
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